Cavern Master Plan


Creating new land is essential to the development of Hong Kong in the long term, and cavern development is one of the viable options under the multi-pronged strategy to increase land supply. The hilly terrain with strong rocks in Hong Kong is highly suitable for developing rock caverns, particularly in the urban fringe. There is proven local experience in cavern construction as demonstrated by various existing facilities built in Hong Kong. Enhancing the systematic use of rock caverns can offer new opportunities for Hong Kong's long-term planning and development, supplementing other short- and medium-term land development approaches.

The "Long-term Strategy for Cavern Development – Feasibility Study" completed by the Civil Engineering and Development Department (CEDD) in conjunction with Planning Department (PlanD) has recommended, among others, the formulation of a strategic territory-wide Cavern Master Plan, as a holistic approach in planning and implementing cavern development and taking forward this innovative means of enhancing land supply.

User of the Cavern Master Plan

Any project proponent when planning/studying cavern development or identifying suitable site for developing cavern can make reference to the Cavern Master Plan.

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Cavern Master Plan

The Cavern Master Plan (CMP) is a planning tool providing a broad strategic planning framework to guide and facilitate territory-wide cavern development in Hong Kong. The CMP, serving as user guidelines, is neither a statutory plan nor a development blueprint.

The CMP delineates Strategic Cavern Areas (SCVAs) that are suitable for cavern development in terms of geological considerations and the current planning perspectives. It aims to make known these SCVAs and their essential information to project proponents such that they can identify suitable cavern sites for their projects. The CMP is accompanied by an Explanatory Statement and a set of Information Notes.

Explanatory Statement

The Explanatory Statement provides the key information on the CMP. It sets out the objectives of the CMP, outlines the rationale and methodology of delineating SCVAs, and highlights key issues for implementation.

Strategic Cavern Areas

The CMP delineates forty eight (48) SCVAs, of which 11 are on Hong Kong Island, 5 in Kowloon and 32 in the New Territories (including 7 on Lantau Island). The sizes of individual SCVAs range from approximately 30 to 200 hectares. The area of SCVAs does not represent the actual developable cavern footprint because provisions have to be made for buffer zones between individual facilities, intervening rock pillars for support and adits for portal access and inter-connection, etc.

Information Note

For each SCVA, an Information Note is provided to describe the characteristics, development potential as well as constraints of the area. It includes details of the geological, planning, environmental and traffic characteristics and other key issues/constraints on cavern development. The Information Note also outlines the potential land uses and the extent of potential portal locations. A Reference Drawing is appended to each Information Note to illustrate the spatial context of the information provided.

The CMP, Explanatory Statement and Information Notes collectively serve to fulfil the objectives of facilitating territory-wide cavern development and promulgating essential information for project proponents both in the public and private sectors to identify suitable cavern sites for their development projects. The CMP will be updated by the CEDD and PlanD as necessary, taking account of changing circumstances.

Any cavern development project, no matter within or outside the SCVAs, should be assessed with individual merits, with due regard to development need and technical feasibility, and also in compliance with relevant administrative and regulatory requirements.


Please click the following link to download the Cavern Master Plan and its Explanatory Statement.
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Please click the individual Strategic Cavern Area on the figure or in the table below to download the respective Information Note and Reference Drawing.

01-Hung Shui Hang 02-Lam Tei 03-Tuen Mun 04-Kau Keng Shan 05-Pak Shek Hang 06-Siu Lam 07-Tsing Lung Tau 08-Sham Tseng South 09-Ting Kau 10-Tsing Yi North 11-Tsing Yi West 12-Tsing Yi South 13-Tsing Yi Central 14-Tsuen Wan North 15-Tsuen Wan East 16-Smugglers' Ridge 17-Golden Hill 18-Lower Shing Mun 19-Ma On Shan 20-A Kung Kok 21-Shek Mun 22-Tai Wai East 23-Tai Wai West 24-Eagle's Nest 25-Beacon Hill East 26-Lion Rock West 28-Tai Sheung Tok 29-Black Hill 30-Yau Tong 30-Yau Tong 31-Chai Wan Au 32-Shau Kei Wan 33-Braemar Hill 34-Wong Chuk Hang 35-Bennet's Hill 36-Nam Long Shan 37-Ap Lei Chau 38-Tin Wan Shan 39-Mount Kellett 40-Pok Fu Lam 41-Mount Davis 42-Mui Wo 43-Sham Shui Kok 44-Siu Ho Wan 45-Tung Chung East 46-Tung Chung South 47-Tung Chung West 48-Kau Liu

Related Information:

Project proponents can also make reference to the relevant documents or websites as listed below when pursuing cavern development projects.

  1. Development Bureau Technical Circular (Works) No. 8/2017 on Rock Cavern Development
  2. Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines, Planning Department
  3. Long-term Strategy for Cavern Development website

Contact Information

For enquiry, please contact the Geotechnical Engineering Office of the Civil Engineering and Development Department or the Planning Department:

Planning Division
Geotechnical Engineering Office
Civil Engineering and Development Department
11/F, Civil Engineering and Development Building
101 Princess Margaret Road
Homantin, Kowloon
Hong Kong

Technical Services Section
Planning Department
17/F, North Point Government Offices
333 Java Road
Hong Kong

Or by e-mail: