The West Kowloon Reclamation (WKR) project involves the reclamation of a total of 340 hectares of land along the West Kowloon waterfront from Yau Ma Tei to Lai Chi Kok, reprovisioning of the existing waterfront facilities, landscaping, essential improvement of hinterland stormwater drainage system and provision of infrastructure on the newly reclaimed land. The WKR project is estimated to cost about HK$12.0 billion. The detailed design of the WKR project commenced in mid 1990. The last phase of the reclamation works was completed in mid 2003. Most of the engineering works under the WKR project have been completed and the only remaining works yet to be implemented is the construction of three footbridges at the junctions of Sham Mong Road with Hing Wah Street West, Tonkin Street West and Yen Chow Street West.

Both the Airport Railway and the West Kowloon Expressway, which are essential transport links to the Chek Lap Kok Airport, were built on the WKR.

The reclaimed land would be developed in stages for public and private housing, commercial development, roads, open space, government, institutional and community uses. A waterfront site of about 40 hectares at the southern tip of the WKR has been earmarked for the development of a world class integrated arts and cultural district, i.e. West Kowloon Cultural District (WKCD).